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Using Well Heterogeneity as an Advantage to Designing Stage Specific Diverter Strategies

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Course Credit: 0.15 CEU, 1.5 PDH

When hydraulically fracturing a horizontal wellbore with multiple perforation clusters, the fluid being pumped into the reservoir will preferentially take the path of least resistance. Perforations that are located in the lowest stressed rocks will take a larger amount of fluid, and those perforations located in highest stressed rocks will receive less, or in some cases none. One of the ways that engineers are trying to overcome these differences is the use of diverters. A fluid diverter is typically inserted at some point within a hydraulic fracturing pump schedule to seal off dominant fractures, allowing fluid to flow into under-stimulated fractures.

The problem with this methodology is that without reservoir knowledge, operators rely on rules of thumb developed through trial and error to determine when and how much diverter to use. Data has shown how this methodology can be ineffective, leaving some clusters over stimulated and others under-stimulated. Anecdotal evidence also supports these concerns because equally sized diverter slugs do not always have equal pressure response.This talk will discuss a methodology that examines well heterogeneity, and designs the diversion strategy based on the rock properties within each fracturing stage. In addition to rock properties, the method proposed utilizes stress shadows, perforation design, and modified pump schedules to ensure equal cluster stimulation in diverter applications.

The result of this workflow is a tool that has been used to maximize the effectiveness of diverters which has shown, through several case studies that will be discussed, to result in better producing wells at lower completions cost.

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Course Chapters

  • 1Using Well Heterogeneity as an Advantage to Designing Stage Specific Diverter Strategies - Chapter 1
    Media Type: Video


Earn credits by completing this course0.15 CEU credit1.5 PDH credits


Kevin Wutherich